Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters

Effect of expanded polystyrene beads on the properties of foam concrete containing polypropylene fiber

Mehmet Canbaz, Ali Can Türeyen



In this study, foam concrete was produced using 3 different volumes of EPS beads (up to 100%), 3 different volumes of polypropylene(PP) fiber (up to 0.1)%, sand and 40% pre-produced foam which is fixed by volume. The water-cement ratio was 0.4 and the sand-cement ratio was chosen as 1. The foam concrete were cast into molds with a size of 100 x 100 x 500 mm and 150 x 150 x 150 mm prism. Unit weight, ultrasonic pulse, water absorption, splitting tensile strength, bending strength and compressive strength tests were achieved. Foam concrete were kept in laboratory standard conditions. According to the results of study, unit weight and ultrasonic pulse velocity vary between 970-1350 kg/m3 and 1.6-2.6 km/sec, respectively. The water absorption of the foam concrete decreased up to 65% as the EPS beads ratio increased. Since EPS beads do not contribute to the strength and act like a void, splitting tensile strength in specimens containing EPS beads decreased by up to 70%. The use of fiber contributes to the splitting tensile strength, especially in specimens that do not contain EPS beads, and it increased the strength by 78%. Similarly, the flexural strength of the PP fiber addition increased by up to 70%. As the EPS beads ratio increased, the flexural strengths decreased by 77%. With the addition of PP fiber, the compressive strength increased by 55%. However, since EPS beads' strength is negligible, it caused a 60% decrease in compressive strength.


foam concrete; EPS beads; polypropylene fiber; mechanical properties

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