Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters

Comparative study of optimum cost design of reinforced concrete retaining wall via metaheuristics

Aylin Ece Kayabekir, Melda Yücel, Gebrail Bekdaş, Sinan Melih Nigdeli



Design engineers may find various options of metaheuristic method in optimization of their problems. Because of the randomization nature of metaheuristic methods, solutions may trap to non-optimum solutions which are just optimums in a limited part of the selected range of the design variables. Generally, metaheuristics use several options to prevent this situation, but the same optimization process may solve different performances in every run of the process. Due to that, a comparative study by using ten different algorithms was done in this study. The optimization problem is the cost minimization of an L-shaped reinforced concrete (RC) retaining wall. The evaluation is done by conducting 30 multiple cycles of optimization, and comparing minimum cost, average cost and standard deviation values.


metaheuristic; optimization; reinforced concrete retaining wall; structural optimization; robustness

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