Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics

Size effect on compressive behavior of GFRP bars

Meltem Eryılmaz Yıldırım, Kerem Aybar, Mehmet Canbaz

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In the last three decades, studies investigating the use of Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) bars as an alternative to conventional steel rebars have increased due to their corrosive resistance. In addition to corrosion resistance, GFRP bars utilize high specific tensile strength, which makes them highly desirable in civil engineering applications. However, major design guidelines for GFRP-reinforced concrete structures currently do not consider their compressive contribution. Nevertheless, there is a growing trend in utilizing GFRP bars as compressive elements, driven by various studies demonstrating their ability to bear compressive loads effectively. This increasing demand underscores the need to comprehend the mechanical properties of GFRP bars, particularly in terms of their compressive behavior. Furthermore, a standardized test method to evaluate their compressive properties has not yet been developed. Addressing these gaps, this research paper focuses on investigating the influence of specimen size on the compressive strength of GFRP bars, specifically emphasizing on the compressive properties of GFRP bars. Compressive tests were conducted on GFRP specimens with varying diameters while maintaining a constant slenderness ratio. The findings from these compression tests shed light on the critical role of size in the compressive behavior of GFRP. This research emphasizes the importance of considering size as a significant parameter in designing mechanical properties for GFRP reinforcements.


GFRP bars; compressive strength; compression test; mechanical properties

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