Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics

A comparative study on the structural performance of an RC building based on updated seismic design codes: case of Turkey

Ercan Işık



The destructive earthquakes and structural damages reveal the importance of the rules of earthquake-resistant structural design. The need of update and renewal of these rules periodically become inevitable as a result of scientific developments, innovations in construction technologies and building materials. Turkey which is an extremely region in terms of seismicity was adapted to these changes through time. The last five seismic design codes (1968, 1975, 1998, 2007 and 2018) were taken into account within the scope of this study. The differences in dimension and material grades of structural elements such as columns as beams have been compared in detail for each code. Three different analysis types have been performed for a 4-story reinforced-concrete model such as eigenvalue, pushover and dynamic time-history via the minimum conditions for these elements in each code. The natural vibration period of the building was obtained with empirical formulas stipulated in different codes for the sample RC building, additionally. The size and the type of the materials used in beams and columns within the last five codes have been changed. We see that the changes in these two important parameters which affect the behavior of buildings during an earthquake, enhance the performance of the building. It has been revealed that changes and renewals in seismic design codes are a necessity and gain. It has been clearly revealed that each amended code increases the stiffness and enhance the seismic capacity of a structure. Each updated seismic design code is aimed to complete the deficiency of the previous one. The results revealed that there are changes to be made to increase the seismic capacity of the structure at the point of reducing earthquake damage.


Turkey; reinforced concrete; codes; pushover; time-history; eigenvalue

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