Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics

Estimation of capacity of eccentrically loaded single angle struts with decision trees

Saha Dauji



Single angle struts are used as compression members for many structures including roof trusses and transmission towers. The exact analysis and design of such members is challenging due to various uncertainties such as the end fixity or eccentricity of the applied loads. The design standards provide guidelines that have been found inaccurate towards the conservative side. Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) have been observed to perform better than the design standards, when trained with experimental data and this has been reported literature. However, practical implementation of ANN poses problem as the trained network as well as the knowhow regarding the application should be accessible to practitioners. In another data-driven tool, the Decision Trees (DT), the practical application is easier as decision based rules are generated, which are readily comprehended and implemented by designers. Hence, in this paper, DT was explored for the evaluation of capacity of eccentrically loaded single angle struts and was found to be robust and yielded comparable accuracy as ANN, and better than design code (AISC). This has enormous potential for easy and straightforward implementation by practicing engineers through the logic based decision rules, which would be easily programmable on computer. For this application, use of dimensionless ratios as inputs for the development of DT was found to yield better results when compared to the approach of using the original variables as inputs.


eccentric loading; single angle; strut; compressive capacity; decision tree

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