Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters

Malaysian Rice Husk Ash – Improving the Durability and Corrosion Resistance of Concrete: Pre-review

Badorul Hisham Abu Bakar, Ramadhansyah Putrajaya, Hamidi Abdulaziz

View Counter: Abstract | 915 times |, Full Article | 743 times |


The objective of this paper is to presents and study a pre-review of Malaysian rice ash ask as a partial cement replacement in different percentage, grinding time and performance corrosion of RHA blended concrete. The increasing demand for producing durable construction materials is the outcome of the fast polluting environment. Supplementary cementitious materials prove to be effective to meet most of the requirements of durable concrete. Rice husk ash is found to be greater to other supplementary materials like silica fume and fly ash. Due to its high pozzolanic activity, both strength and durability of concrete are enriched. Addition of rice husk ash to Portland cement not only improves the early strength of concrete, but also forms a calcium silicate hydrate gel around the cement particles which is highly dense and less porous. This may increase the strength of concrete against cracking. Previously, investigation on the corrosion performance of rice husk ash blended concrete is very limited. Further researches are ongoing or have started recently by the authors to study the performance of RHA and corrosion of concrete mixes. Various tests were carried out to evaluate durability of concrete made with 10, 20, 30 and 40% replacements of RHA by weight of cement. Nevertheless, the results of compressive strength, absorption test and chloride penetration from previous investigation were presents in this study.


rice hush ash; corrosion; compressive strength; absorption and chloride penetration

Full Text:



Chandrasekar, S., Satyanarayana, K.G., and Raghavan, P.N., Processing, Properties and Applications of Reactive Silica from Rice Husk — an Overview. Journal of Materials Science, 2003. 38:p. 3159.

Maeda, N., Wada, I., Kawakami, M., Ueda, T., and Pushpalal, G.K.D. Development of a New Furnace for the Production of Rice Husk Ash. The Seventh CANMET / ACI International Conference on Fly ash, Silica Fume, Slag and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete. Vol. 2, 2001,

Chennai, India.

Muthadhi, A., Anitha, R., and Kothandaraman, S., Rice Husk Ash — Properties and its Uses: A Review. Department of Civil Engineering, Pondicherry Engineering College, Puducherry. I. E (I) Journal, 2007.

Mehta, P.K. Rice husk ash—a unique supplementary cementing material. In 1992 Proceedings of the International Symposium on Advances in Concrete Technology, CANMET/ACI, Athens, Greece, pp. 407–430.

Mehta, P. K. Siliceous ashes and hydraulic cements prepared there from Belgium. Patent 802909 (1973), U.S. Patent 4105459 (1978).

Pitt, N. Process for preparation of siliceous ashes. U.S. Patent 3959007 (1976).

Yu, Q., Sawayama, K., Sugita, S., Shoya M., and Isojima, Y. The reaction between rice husk ash and Ca(OH)2 solution and the nature of its product. Cem. Concr. Res., 1999. 29(1):p. 37- 43.

Yamamoto, Y., and Lakho, S.M. Production and utilization of rice husk ash as a substitute for cement. In 1982 Proceedings of the Japanese Society of Civil Engineers, vol. 322, pp. 157- 166.

Boateng, A.A., and Skeete, D.A. Incineration of rice hull for use as a supplementary cementing material. The Guyana experience. Cem. Concr. Res. 1990. 20: p.795–802.

Singh, N.B., Sarvahi, R., Singh, S.P., and Shukla, A.K. Hydration studies of RHA blended white portland cement. Adv. Cem. Res., 1994. 6 (21): p.13– 18.

Mahmud, H.B., Chia, B.S., and Hamid N.B.A.A. Rice husk ash—an alternative material in producing high strength concrete. A. Al-Manaseer, S. Nagataki, R.C. Joshi (Eds.), in 1997 Proceedings of International Conference on Engineering Materials, vol. II, CSCE/JSCE,

Ottawa, Canada, pp. 275–284.

Cisse, I.K. and Laquerbe, M. Mechanical characterization of sandcretes with rice husk ash additions: study applied to Senegal. Cem. Concr. Res., 2000. 30 (1): p.13– 18.

Cook D.J., Pama, R.P., Damer, S.A. Behaviour of concrete and cement paste containing RHA. In 1976 Conference Proceedings on Hydraulic Cement Paste, Cement and Concrete Association, London, pp. 268–282.

Hwang, C.L., and Wu, D.S. Properties of cement paste containing rice husk ash. Am. Concr. Inst. SP-114, 1989, pp. 733– 765.

Zhang, M.H., and Malhotra, V.M. High-performance concrete incorporating rice husk ash as a supplementary cementing material. ACI Mater. J., 1996. 93 (6): p. 629– 639.

Bouzoubaa, N., and Fournier, B. Concrete incorporating rice husk ash: compressive strength and chloride-ion durability. Report MTL 2001-5 (TR), CANMET, pp.17. Malaysian Rice Husk Ash – Improving the Durability and Corrosion Resistance of Concrete: Pre-review 13

Mehta, P.K. The chemistry and technology of cements made from rice-husk ash. In 1979 Proceedings of UNIDO/ESCAP/RCTT Workshop on Rice-Husk Ash Cement, Peshawar, Pakistan, Regional Centre for Technology Transfer, Bangalore, India, pp. 113– 122.

Yeoh, A.K., Bidin, R., Chong, C.N., and Tay, C.Y. The relationship between temperature and duration of burning of rice-husk in the development of amorphous rice-husk ash silica. In 1979 Proceedings of UNIDO/ESCAP/RCTT, Follow-up Meeting on Rice-Husk Ash Cement, Alor Setar, Malaysia.

Chopra, S.K., Ahluwalia, S.C., and Laxmi S. Technology and manufacture of rice-husk ash masonry (RHAM) cement. In 1981 Proceedings of ESCAP/RCTT Workshop on Rice-Husk Ash Cement, New Delhi, 1981.

Hwang, C.L., and Wu D.S. Properties of cement paste containing rice husk ash. Am. Concr. Inst. SP-114, 1989, pp. 733–765.

Ikpong A.A, Okpala D.C. Strength characteristics of medium workability ordinary Portland cement-rice husk ash concrete. Building and Environment, 1992. 27 (1): p. 105–111.

Wada I., Kawano T., Mokotomaeda N. Strength properties of concrete incorporating highly reactive rice-husk ash. Transaction of Japan Concrete Institute, 1999. 21 (1): p. 57–62.

Saraswathy, V., Song Ha-Won. Corrosion performance of rice husk ash blended concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 2007. 21 (8): p.1779–1784.

ASTM C 1202. Standard Test Method for Electrical Indication of Concrete’s Ability to Resist Chloride Ion Penetration, ASTM C1202-97. Annual Book ASTM Stand. 04.02, 2001. p. 646– 51.

Tang, L. and Nilsson, L. O. Rapid determination of the chloride diffusivity in concrete by applying an electrical field. ACI Mater., 1992. 89(1):p. 49–53.

Tong L., and Gjorv, O. E. Chloride diffusivity based on migration testing. Cement Concrete Research, 2001. 31:p.973–82.


  • There are currently no refbacks.