Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters

Optimization of reinforced concrete beam using hybrid algorithms with multi-objective function as CO2 emission and cost

Muhammed Çoşut, Gebrail Bekdaş, Sinan Melih Nigdeli


DOI: https://doi.org/10.20528/cjcrl.2023.04.001
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Abstract


In this study, algorithms with two objective functions are defined considering the TS500 (2000) (Reinforced concrete structures design and construction rules) and TBDY (2018) (Turkey Building Earthquake Regulation) standards for rectangular beam design. These objective functions were determined as CO2 emission and cost. Optimizations were performed in MATLAB program using the Hybrid Algorithm of Teaching-Learning Based Optimization and Jaya Algorithm. In the case of using two objective functions, cases were created by multiplying the coefficient values found in the objective function according to the formula with the cost and CO2 emission values at different rates in order to prevent CO2 emission which is one of the biggest problems for the world. In the objective function, each rate used for CO2 and cost is implemented in a manner that increases or diminishes the impact of these values. In this way, comparisons were made between the cross-section dimensions to be formed according to not only impact rates but also the reinforcement area to be used, the CO2 emission and cost values that will arise as a result of these. Impact rates are related to cost and CO2 rate in the objective function, and the total rate is chosen as 1. Impact rates for cost are chosen as 0.1, 0.3 along with 0.5, and comparisons between the results are checked.  In addition, recyclable and non-recyclable steel with different properties were used in separate analyses and the values were compared. Since the CO2 rate released by the non-recyclable steel is very high compared to the recyclable steel, the results show that the CO2 emission value is higher and this causes the objective function value to increase.


Keywords


multi-objective optimization; CO2 emission; cost optimization; hybrid algorithm; beam design

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