Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters

Destructive and non-destructive testing of bronze-waste tire-concrete composites

Tuba Bahtlı, Nesibe Sevde Özbay



In this study, the effects of finely-milled bronze and waste tire on the mechanical properties of concrete have been investigated. Approximately 2.5% and 5% by weight for each additive (bronze sawdust and waste tire) were added to dry concrete. The open porosity, density, compressive strength values of cured concrete have been determined. In addition, the Schmidt rebound hammer (SRH) and the ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) tests, which are non-destructive test methods, were applied. The microstructure and fracture surfaces of these materials were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It was observed that the density of pure concrete was 2.35 g/cm3 while the density was 2.19 g/cm3 for a C+5%B+5%T material. Similarly, pure concrete had an almost three times better compressive strength and a two times better SRH value than those of the C+5%B+5%T material. The density and mechanical properties of concrete materials containing bronze and waste tire decreased due to micro crack formations, weak bonding and deep cracks forming especially between the concrete and additives.


bronze; waste tire; concrete; compressive strength; non-destructive methods

Full Text:



Ali RK, Dehestani M, Rahmatabadi P (2008). Mechanical properties of concrete containing a high volume of tire–rubber particles. Waste Management, 28(12), 2472–2478.

Anarghya A, Vijaykumar G, Manikandan I, Narendra R (2017). A review of fibrous reinforcements of concrete. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 36(7), 519–552.

Garrick GM (2005). Analysis and Testing of Waste Tire Fiber Modified Concrete. M.Sc thesis, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, p. 16-53.

Hernandez OF, Barluenga G (2003.) Fire performance of recycled rubber filled high strength concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 34(1), 109–117.

Javan AR, Seifi H, Lin X, Xie YM (2020). Mechanical behaviour of composite structures made of topologically interlocking concrete bricks with soft interfaces. Materials and Design, 186, 108347.

Kewalramani MA, Gupta R Concrete (2006). Compressive strength prediction using ultrasonic pulse velocity through artificial neural networks. Automation in Construction, 15(3), 374–379

Mohammed IS, Najim KB (2020). Mechanical strength, flexural behavior and fracture energy of Recycled Concrete Aggregate self-compacting concrete. Structures, 23, 34-43.

Papakonstantinou CG, Tobolski MJ (2006). Use of waste tire steel beads in Portland cement concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 36(9), 1686–1691.

Savas BZ, Ahmad S, Fedroff D (1996). Transportation Research Record No. 1574, 80-88.

Shang H, Yang S, Niu X (2014). Mechanical behavior of different types of concrete under multiaxial tension–compression. Construction and Building Materials, 73, 764-770.

Snelson DG, Kinuthia JM, Davies PA, Chang SR (2009). Sustainable construction: composite use of tyres and ash in concrete. Waste Management, 29(1), 360–367.

Topcu IB (1995). The properties of rubberized concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 25(2), 304-310.


  • There are currently no refbacks.