Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters

Relation Between Density and Compressive Strength of Hardened Concrete

Shohana Iffat


Concrete must has to ensure satisfactory compressive strength and durability. The mechanical properties of concrete are highly influenced by its density. A denser concrete generally provides higher strength and fewer amount of voids and porosity. Smaller the voids in concrete, it becomes less permeable to water and soluble elements. So water absorption will also be less and better durability is expected from this type of concrete. In this paper an experimental program conducting on compressive strength, density, absorption capacity and percent voids of hardened concrete is described. The variation of these properties with maturity of concrete was main focus of this experiment. Comparison is made between two types of concrete’s property test results. One of them is lightweight concrete made with crushed brick (BC) as primary coarse aggregate. Crushed brick is a locally available construction material in Indian subcontinent. Another type of concrete is a denser one, made with crushed stone (SC) as primary coarse aggregate. The comparisons on test results are presented with respect to time. It was observed from the experiment that, strength and density increases with maturity of concrete and percent void and absorption capacity decreases with time. Better results were obtained from stone aggregate concrete than brick aggregate concrete in cases of all of the tests.


concrete; density; absorption; void; compressive strength

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