Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics

Structural behavior of shear connectors embedded in different types of concrete

Adil Hadi Wardi, Gökhan Tunç, Khalil Ibraheem

Abstract


Push-out tests are used to determine shear connectors’ properties where two small reinforced concrete walls are attached to the top and bottom flanges of an I-section through four shear studs located on both its flanges. In this study, the structural behavior of shear connectors was examined by testing a total of 36 push-out specimens. In these specimens, various test parameters were used. The types of shear connectors and their strengths, their connection types, and the strength of the concrete in which they were embedded were all investigated. Headed, L-shaped, and C-shaped studs were selected in this experimental study to represent different types of shear connectors. These shear connectors were assumed to be either ordinary or high strength steel-embedded in three different types of concrete: ordinary, high strength, and reactive powder concretes. In these tests, the shear connectors were connected through welding or epoxy bonding. The objective of this study was to investigate the structural behaviors of these different types of shear connectors by focusing on their shear force capacities and slip values. The test results indicate that the reactive powder concrete increased the mechanical properties of concrete as the concrete age increased. The specimens with C-shaped studs made of high-strength steel with welded studs embedded in normal weight, high strength and reactive powder concretes, generated the maximum shear resistance values.


Keywords


push-out test; shear connectors; reactive powder concrete; high strength concrete

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