Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics

Necessary height of the vertical stiffeners in steel silos on discrete supports

Lyubomir Zdravkov



The steel silos are interesting complex facilities. In order to ensure unloading of whole amount of stored product by gravity, the steel silos are often placed on supporting frame structure. Values of stresses in the joints between the thin walled shell and supporting frame elements are very high. It can causes local loss of stability in the shell. To prevent its local buckling, many designers put stiffening elements above the supports. Here the question is how high should be the stiffening elements? The right solution is that they should reach that level till which the values of the meridional normal stresses above the supports and in the middle between them are equalized. Under this level the cylindrical shell will be considered as a ring beam, stiffened by elements above the supports. Above it, the cylinder can be calculated as continuously supported shell. But where is this level? A lot of researchers worked on values and way of distribution of normal meridional stresses above the supports of the cylindrical shells. As a result of their efforts are determined critical height Hcr of the shell and the ideal position HI   of intermediate stiffening ring. But these heights are considerably different between each other. To which of them our vertical stiffening elements should achieve?


steel silos; meridional stress; critical high; vertical stiffener; loss of stability

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