Reviews | Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics

Structural features of cold-formed steel profiles

Osman Tunca, Ferhat Erdal, Arif Emre Sağsöz, Serdar Çarbaş


DOI: https://doi.org/10.20528/cjsmec.2018.02.005

Abstract


Using capacity of cold-formed steel sections increases thanks to the opportunities which are offered by the developing technology. Low production cost and variety of profiles that can be produce easy, fast, high quality provide to improve its popularity as a structural material. In production, Sulphur and Phosphorous accumulation region occurs at intersection region of flanges and web of hot rolled steel profile. This causes to decrease strength of profile. Other difference between cold-formed and hot rolled steel sections is that mechanical properties of steel material homogeneously distributes throughout the profile. Both in frame and truss systems, cold-formed steel profiles develop both as main and secondary bearing element. These present variety options to the designers with pure, galvanized, aluminized applications. As with many building materials, mechanical behavior of cold-formed steel profile is quite complex due to the nature of thin walled steel sections. Design and analysis methods of cold-formed steel profile are rapidly shaped day by day. The general theory of beams investigated in past studies make possible analyses of cold-formed steel profile. Moreover, in structural systems, using of cold-formed steel profile provide height strength besides sustainable, environmentalist, green building because it requires less material and cost. Although these profiles have many advantages, use of cold-formed steel profiles in our country structures is rather limited unfortunately. New steel construction regulations in Turkey also do not mention cold-formed thin walled steel structure. Main purpose of this study reviews structural specifications of cold-formed steel profiles which are applied world-wide.


Keywords


construction materials; cold-formed steel profile; structural specification; steel structural element

Full Text:

PDF

References


AISI (2007). Cold-Formed Steel Design Manual. American Iron and Steel Institute.

AISI (2016). North American Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members. American Iron and Steel Institute

Akpınar ME, Yıldızel SA, Karabulut Y, Doğan E (2017). Simulation optimization for transportation system: A real case application. TEM Journal, 6(1), 97-102.

AS4084 (2012) Steel Storage Racking. Australian Standard.

Azizian H (2015). Constructional system of cold-formed light steel framing (LSF). Cumhuriyet University, Faculty of Science, Science Journal (CSJ), 36(3), 2135-2142.

Çiftçioğlu AÖ, Yıldızel SA, Yildirim MS, Doğan E (2017). Wind load design of hangar-type closed steel structures with different roof pitches using Abaqus CAE software. TEM Journal, 6(2), 336-341.

Ghersi A, Landolfo R, Mazzolani FM (2005). Design of Metallic Cold-Formed Thin-Walled Members. Spon Press.

Gilbert BP, Rasmussen KJR (2011a). Impact tests and parametric impact studies on drive-in steel storage racks. Engineering Structures, 33(5), 1410–1422.

Gilbert BP, Rasmussen KJR (2011b). Determination of accidental forklift truck impact forces on drive-in steel rack structures. Engineering Structures, 33(5), 1403–1409.

Hancock GJ (1997). Light gauge construction. Progress in Structural Engineering and Materials, 1(1), 25–30.

Hancock GJ, Murray TM, Ellifritt DD (2001). Cold-formed steel structures to the AISI specification, Marcel Dekker.

Jegan J, Prasath J (2016). Behaviour of built-up cold-formed steel sections. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Technology, 4(4), 83-86.

Narayanan R, Kalyanaraman V, Santhakumar AR, Seetharaman S, Satish Kumar SR, Arul Jayachandran S, Senthil R (2011). Teaching Material, Institute for Steel Development & Growth.

Ng ALY, Beale RG, Godley MHR (2009). Methods of restraining progressive collapse in rack structures. Engineering Structures, 31(7), 1460–1468.

Schafer BW (2011). Cold-formed steel structures around the World. Steel Construction, 4(3), 1-9.

Yu WW, La Boube RA (2010). Cold-Formed Steel Design. John Wiley, 4th Edition.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.