Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics

Modelling of non-linear seismic ground response using elasto-plastic constitutive framework within a finite element soil column model

Azeddine Chehat, Zamila Harichane, Amina Sadouki



The prediction of seismic ground response is conditioned by the knowledge of each material behavior of soil deposits. The recourse to plasticity criterion to simulate cyclic behavior of soils under seismic loading is becoming more realistic. In this study, an elasto-plastic constitutive equation is cast within the framework of one dimensional finite element (FE) soil column model to account for the spatial and material nonlinearity of the secant shear modulus. To account of the spatial non linearity, shear modulus is written in terms of rigid base shear modulus and height of the soil column, while for material nonlinearity, the shear modulus degradation is deducted by the application of the isotropic evolution of the Von Misès criterion. Obtained results proved the efficiency of the proposed methodology and the predictive capability of the elaborated elastoplastic model which captures both small- and large-strain behaviors. They likewise highlight the important roles that play the spatial and material shear modulus variation in the prediction of the seismic soil responses.


Von Misès criterion; cyclic behaviour; shear modulus; seismic response, Bessel’s function, large-strain

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