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Flexural behavior of sustainable reactive powder concrete bubbled slab flooring elements

Ashraf Abdulhadi Alfeehan, Hassan Issa Abdulkareem, Shahad Hameed Mutashar


DOI: https://doi.org/10.20528/cjsmec.2017.04.010

Abstract


Voided slabs are reinforced concrete slabs in which voids allow to reduce the amount of concrete. The bubbled deck slab is a new and sustainable biaxial floor system to be used as a self-supporting concrete floor. The use of voided slabs leads to decrease the consumption of materials and improve the insulation properties for enhancing the objectives of sustainability. This study presents an investigation into the flexural behavior of sustainable Reactive Powder Concrete RPC bubbled slab flooring elements. Six one-way slabs were cast and tested up to the failure. The adopted variables in this study are: the volumetric ratio of steel fibers, type of slab; bubbled or solid, placing of reinforcement and thickness of slab. The effect of each variable on the ultimate load, deflection and strain has been discussed. The results show that increasing the percent of steel fibers from 1% to 2% in solid and bubbled slabs decreases the deflection by (18.75%) and (50%) respectively. As well as, the deflection increases by (41%) for bubbled slab compared to the solid slab. The slabs reinforced with top and bottom steel meshes show less deflection than slabs reinforced by only bottom steel mesh.


Keywords


reactive powder concrete; voids; bubbled slabs; sustainability; flooring elements

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