Research Articles | Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters

Fresh and hardened properties of self-compacting concrete containing of cement kiln dust

Ibrahim Saad Agwa, Omar Mohamed Omar Ibrahim



There are many wastes form the cement industry among them cement kiln dust (CKD). This residue is obtained after the process of burning the raw materials of cement in the rotary kiln where it is suctioned by fans during the clinker exit of the rotary kiln. Cement dust is a major environmental and economic problem in terms of high quality air pollution ranging from (20-100) microns and the proportions of chlorides, sulphates, alkali and lime living in a way that threatens the general health of human, as well as water pollution if the waste is discharged by rivers and waterways. This investigation’s main objective is to present the potential of using CKD as a cement replacement in self-compacting concrete (SCC). Eight mixes incorporating CKD with partial cement replacement of 0%, 5%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 75% in addition to control mix were investigated. The properties of all mixture were determined. Based on the experimental program results, it was found that SCC mixture incorporating 5% to 10% of CKD was almost similar to that of control mixture. The workability of SCC concrete decreased as CKD replacement increased. This established benefits of substituting cement by CKD to make SCC.


cement kiln dust; self-compacting concrete; fresh and hardened properties; drying shrinkage

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